About Locations

Globalization transcends the conventional areas that have been used to divide the world over the past century as a function of Western foreign policies (e.g. Middle East, Far East). But globalization does not transcend location, because location involves not only distance but territory and real estate and everything that goes with it such as natural resources (both renewable and non-renewable) and climate. The significance of particular locations also continues to change along trajectories that are related to change in the distribution of population, investment, transportation and communication. Here we have sought to provide a geographical classification of location that will continue to be useful despite continuing change in the relationships between one location and another, but changes will no doubt be necessary from time to time. Note that the boundaries are not important: the locations may overlap, more obviously in some cases than others.




Europe, including Russia, Iceland and Greenland



  • Antarctic
  • Arctic
  • Atlantic
  • Indian
  • Pacific